Data of the natural gas system for the year 2021 are available
2022. 09. 27.
The summary issued in cooperation of the Hungarian Energy and Public Utility Regulatory Authority (MEKH) and FGSZ Földgázszállító Ltd. for the ninth time contains the most important Hungarian and international transmission system operator data.
From the natural gas sector’s point of view, 2021 was a dynamic year, but thanks to the uninterrupted operation of the natural gas transmission and distribution system and the high fill level of the natural gas storage facilities, the country’s security of supply was continuously guaranteed.
During the year, several notable changes occurred in the operation of the domestic natural gas system. As of April 2021, the transit traffic in the direction of Serbia was terminated, and due to the changes of the regional energy market, the volume of imported and exported gas dropped significantly, by nearly 80 per cent.
In 2021, the decades-long transmission directions also changed. The previous typical Ukraine-Hungary import route was replaced by import from Serbia. Russian supply has not arrived at the Ukrainian cross-border point since 1 October. At the same time, import from Romania rose notably, and as of the end of December, we also receive natural gas from Croatia.
According to the data of the publication, the volume of natural gas consumed by the domestic users reached 11.06 billion m3 in 2021. The domestic household consumers used 12% more natural gas than in 2020, while non-household consumption increased by 4% according to the data of universal service providers and traders.
According to the quoted EUROSTAT data, the domestic household price level was one of the lowest among the EU27, mainly due to the fact that nearly all household consumers are supplied by the universal service providers, at rates unchanged since 2014.
The summary provides an in-depth description of the regulatory environment of the natural gas sector, the national natural gas balance, the trends of natural gas sources, production and imports, the effect of the daily mean temperature on natural gas consumption, as well as data on natural gas transmission and distribution network, along with information on the natural gas storage facilities, and peak day data.
The publication and the related spreadsheets are available on the websites of MEKH and FGSZ Ltd.